HABERMAS’S CRITICAL THEORY
The term critical theory is used in the humanities and social sciences to refer to an intellectual evaluation and criticism of society and culture, and theory becomes critical, according to Max Horkheimer, insofar as it seeks to liberate human beings from the conditions that enslave them. This study aimed to identify the critical theory that took on an intellectual character derived from revolutionary Marxist ideas and moved to advanced ideas during the era of Max Horkheimer by denouncing bourgeois consumerist capitalist culture, and focusing attention on Habermas’s contributions to it. The study revealed that critical theory aims to change society at all levels and levels, achieve human liberation, reconcile theory and practice, combine knowledge and purpose, reconcile theoretical reason and practical reason, and combine truth and value, and that critical theory is a critical renewal of theories. Marxism and radicalism. Critical theory also aimed to enlighten the committed human being mentally and intellectually and change him positively, after freeing him from his own pressures, by criticizing society by stripping it ideologically.
Critical Theory, Habermas Critical Philosophy, Communicative Action, Public Space.