UNVEILING FACTORS IN NON-PERFORMING LOANS: EXPLORING THE RURAL ECONOMIC FINANCING SCHEME
The Rural Economic Financing Scheme (SPED) programme, initiated by the Ministry of Rural and Regional Development (KKDW), aims to enhance rural areas' development, and uplift the socio-economic status of rural communities. Despite being implemented for two decades since 2001, no comprehensive studies have examined the impact of SPED on entrepreneurs, particularly regarding the implications of financing on their businesses. This study focuses on the issue of Non-Performing Loans (NPL) among SPED borrowers, aiming to identify the contributing factors to NPL problems. To achieve the study's objective, a mixed-methods research design was employed, incorporating quantitative and qualitative approaches. The findings indicate that entrepreneurs experiencing NPL issues often face challenges stemming from their limited knowledge, skills, and inadequate financial management capabilities, such as insufficient understanding of loan terms, ineffective financial planning, and suboptimal debt management. This study's outcomes contribute to a better understanding of the implications of SPED financing on entrepreneurs in rural areas and shed light on the factors influencing NPL among SPED borrowers, suggesting the need for targeted interventions and support mechanisms, such as training programs and mentorship opportunities, to enhance the financial management skills of SPED borrowers and mitigate NPL risks.
Rural Development, Non-Performing Loan, Rural Entrepreneur, Bumiputras, Financial Management.