ABDOMINAL OBESITY AND ITS ASSOCIATED RISK FACTORS - AN UPDATE
Background: India has a serious Abdominal Obesity (AO) concern with a frequency of 24.8%, particularly among metropolitan especially in women. Generalised obesity (GO) & AO, both of which are associated with greater rates of mortality & morbidity. In India, AO is more prevalent than GO (24.5%), & it has been associated to a number of health hazards, including the metabolic syndrome, insulin resistance, & cardiovascular diseases (CVD), high blood pressure & PCOS. In contrast to GO, WHO emphasises AO as a superior CVD risk indicator & suggests additional steps like WHR for risk identification. Saturated & trans-fat-rich unhealthy diets are a factor in AO. Management of obesity benefits from dietary adjustments & insulin sensitizers, taxing fats & sugary drinks can be potential solutions for public health. In order to reduce the risk of CVD, physicians must create customised action plans. Conclusion: In comparison to general obesity, abdominal obesity is associated with a greater death rate & a better prognosis for cardiovascular illnesses & metabolic problems.
Abdominal Obesity, Metabolic Risk, Cardiovascular Diseases