THE SOCIAL RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE POLICE AND SOCIETY IN CONSTRUCTING RADICAL PHENOMENA
Radical action is not an easily defined social phenomenon, like terror (terrorism). The use of the term radical among the public and government often invites uproar and tension, because socio-politically the use of this term can be seen as an attempt by the ruler or a group of leaders to freeze the voice of the opposition. In common sense, radical is understood as a faith-based, intolerant social action that does not hesitate to use violence. However, this kind of radical understanding is not definitively enough for police authorities to carry out police action (control, security, and management). On the other hand, in society, radical phenomena experience a process of fighting definitions between mainstream groups and religious behavior among minorities. The police action taken by the police authorities is imperatively inseparable from the process of conflictual interaction that lives in this community. This research was conducted in three provincial areas, using survey methods and focus group discussions. The result of this study is that the construction of the definition of radical groups cannot be separated from the structure and culture that live in mainstream society. The definition of radical action is contextual, and in social processes it is gradative. This aspect of gradation is important for the police in relation to the choice of police action which refers to the purpose of maintaining security and order. Police action by the police relies on social realities defined by mainstream society, which is pragmatically a form of carrying out security control duties.
Radical Phenomena; Social Definition; Policing.