COOPERATION IN HANDLING CROSS-BORDER CORRUPTION CRIMES FOR THE RETURN OF CORRUPTION-PROCEEDED ASSETS ABROAD: AN INTERNATIONAL LEGAL PERSPECTIVE
Introduction: The development of criminal acts seen from the quality and quantity aspects is no longer an ordinary crime, but the crime of corruption is an extraordinary crime, and this requires special handling to stop this crime. Currently, criminal acts of corruption do not only involve people in one community (one country) but also involve people or groups outside the country. Corruption crimes currently cross-national borders or are transnational. The perpetrators of these crimes cross national boundaries by taking advantage of loopholes in the national legal system, so that this will have an impact on the country of origin and other countries involved. Objective: The research aims to analyze the application of information technology in cooperation in handling criminal acts of corruption across countries for the return of assets resulting from corruption abroad from an international legal perspective. Method: The research method used in this research is a descriptive method with a normative juridical approach, namely legal research carried out by examining library materials or secondary data as basic material. Result: Handling the problem of corruption requires efforts to prevent and eradicate it and these efforts can no longer be done locally or nationally but must be done internationally, namely by establishing cooperation between countries in the world by utilizing information technology. One of the important instruments in eradicating corruption and returning assets resulting from criminal acts located abroad is through cooperation agreements, both bilateral, regional and multilateral cooperation, this needs to be done so that these crimes do not develop and harm many countries in the world, one of which is through an institution formed by the UN, namely the United Nations Convention Against Corruption (UNCAC). Conclusion: Information Technology can be used as an effective tool in international cooperation to deal with cross-border criminal acts of corruption and return assets resulting from corruption abroad.
Cooperation, Handling Corruption Crimes, Cross-Border, Information Technology, Returning Assets Abroad