THE ROLE OF IRAQI LEGISLATIVE AUTHORITY IN DEMOCRATIC TRANSITION DURING THE PERIOD (2003-2021)
This study aimed to identify the role of the Iraqi legislative authority in the democratic transition during the years (2003-2021), by rising a main hypothesis stated that there is a correlation between the role of the legislative authority and the democratic transition in Iraq. To verify the validity of this hypothesis, and answer its questions, the descriptive analytical approach, the institutional legal approach, the elite theory, the comparative approach, and the systems analysis approach were used. The study concluded that the legislative authority did not contribute to the democratic transformation in Iraq, but rather contributed to perpetuating political backwardness, after the Iraqi parliaments were established on a sectarian basis, and political differences prevailed between political forces within the parliaments, which in turn was reflected in the public mood. Moreover, the legislative authority did not exercise its legislative role, and deliberately obstructed the passage of laws in the interest of the political deals held by the political forces, in addition to the absence of the oversight role of the legislative authority due to the spread of corruption, loyalty to the political bloc, and its preference over the public interest. In light of the results obtained, the study recommended adhering to the national option and defending it to achieve universal citizenship that fuses all subsidiary loyalties within its crucible, formulating joint cooperation between all political forces and currents in a manner that achieves the general interest of all, and working hard to combat all manifestations of widespread administrative and financial corruption very much in Iraq.
Legislative Authority, Parliamentary System, Democratic Transition, Iraq.