WEAR RESISTANCE OF DLC COATED STEEL SUBSTRATES IN OIL LUBRICATION CONDITIONS FOR HYDRAULIC APPLICATIONS
The worldwide rotary pump market was estimated at around 00 million in 2020 and the market is supposed to increase by 20% toward the end of 2026, seeing a compounded annual growth rate of 3% over a period from 2022-2026. The scrapping of an engineered component made from non-renewable resources at an early stage in life due to wear goes against the ethics of the conservation of natural resources as the frictional processes lead to dissipation of a part of input energy. The objective of the this work was to obtain diamond-like carbon coating on high-speed steel samples and test them for better wear preventative behavior with different hydraulic fluids. The high-speed steel ball samples of 12.7 mm diameter were used as a substrate on which the diamond-like carbon coating was to be developed using the Radio-Frequency Plasma Enhanced Chemical Vapor Deposition (RF-PECVD) technique. The developed Diamond like Carbon coating was characterized by conducting X-Ray diffraction which suggested the coating to be of amorphous structure. In accordance with ASTM D4172, an investigation into the anti-wear characteristics of lubricating oil was carried out using the four-ball test. This test was carried out under certain conditions, including a higher load, a regulated temperature, and a constant rotational speed of the ball. The four ball results show that the coefficient of friction for samples reduces by around 36% when test oil 3 is used in uncoated samples and 48% in coated samples. Also, the wear rate for the test oil 3 for coated samples was found to be 0.7381x10-6 mm/Nm, which is the lowest wear rate among the other test oils. The outcome of the project is the reduction of coefficient of friction by 84% with respect to dry condition when test oil 3 is used. Hence, it can be concluded that test oil 3 is the best lubricant among the three test oils.
High-Speed Steel Ball, Diamond Like Carbon Coating, Four Ball Test Wear Rate, Coefficient of Friction