TONGKONAN MARIO AS A TONGKONAN REPRESENTATION IN THE SAO MARIO TRADITIONAL HOUSE AREA, SOPPENG REGENCY
This study aims to determine the completeness of the Tongkonan Mario built in the area of the Sao Mario traditional house, Soppeng Regency, as a conservation area for the four ethnic traditional houses in South Sulawesi, which were built far from their habitat in Tana Toraja Regency, and to determine whether the built environment is the completeness of Tongkonan in Tana Toraja also applied in Tongkonan Mario. The variable of this research is the Tongkonan built environment in general, with sub-variables: 1) Luba'ba, 2) Alang, 3) Uma/Pa'lak', 4) Bubun, 5) Kombong, 6) Rante, and 7) Liang. Data collection techniques are observation and interviews with Tongkonan owners. The data analysis technique is qualitative with the following steps: 1) Data collection, 2) Data presentation or display, 3) Data reduction, and 4) Conclusion. The results showed that the built environment variables with the appropriate sub-variables were Luba'ba, Alang, Uma/Pa'lak, and Coop. The ones that do not fit are Bubun, Rante, and Liang. It can be concluded that the Tongkonan Mario in Batu-Soppeng does not have all the elements of completeness of Tongkonan like Tongkonan in general in Toraja. The components still lacking are a well or a hut, a place for the Rambu Soloq or Rante ceremony, and a burial place or stone grave (Liang Pa').
Tongkonan, Mario, Built Environment