TECHNOLOGY-BASED INITIATIVES AND ADOPTION CHALLENGES IN REDUCING FOOD LOSSES: A SYSTEMATIC LITERATURE REVIEW AND PROPOSED CONCEPTUAL MODEL
This study aims to increase our understanding of the technology-based initiatives, adoption challenges in reducing food losses in developed and developing economies countries. A systematic literature review using PRISMA Protocol has been conducted to analyze the 53 articles published from 2012 to 2021. The technology used in developed countries is the latest technology which mostly applies to autonomous systems, while in developing countries, automation systems that still considers human involvement are still applied. Lack of awareness, competency, and infrastructure are the main challenges in adopting technology to reduce food losses in developing countries, while technical risk, market risk, and financial risk are factors to be considered in developed countries. Authors therefore propose a conceptual model to be simulated further in future studies, especially in developing countries.
Food Losses; Technology Adoption; Systematic Literature Review