DESIGNING A STRATEGIC PATTERN FOR SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT WITH THE MINIMIZATION APPROACHTHROUGH MAXIMUM CITIZENSHIP PARTICIPATION, STAKEHOLDERS IN DECISION MAKING
Waste management has become one of the most important challenges, and Lack of waste management as a crisis has plagued cities, plains, forests, seas, and even the oceans. Waste has now become a problem in sustainable development, which on the one hand empties the treasury of municipalities that are helpless to solve it. Environmental protection against the destructive effects of waste, and more importantly their optimal management in order to recycle and reduce the consumption of raw materials is a major challenge for decision makers. So far, the authorities have made efforts to develop criteria, rules, expert regulations and to meet the needs and implementation of these programs. However, in addition to planning, factors such as the allocation of real credits and facilities, education and information play a very important role in this regard. This study was conducted with the aim of designing a strategic model of urban solid waste management with a minimization approach through maximum citizen participation, stakeholders in decision making. Awareness raising, culture building is one of the main factors in waste management. This means that influencing human geography, even by exploiting the optimal role of religion and indigenous beliefs in different parts of the country is one of the operational solutions to reduce primary waste production. For this reason, given the differences between the geographical environment and the type of waste produced, which vary based on the culture and economy of different population points in towns and villages, it cannot be claimed that a single version can solve all the problems but a step towards sustainable development is adopted in this paper.
Waste Management, Solid urban waste, Strategic model design, Sustainable development, Citizen Participation, Stakeholders in decision making