SOLAR-BASED AUTOMATIC IRRIGATION SYSTEM
By combining different technologies to improve agricultural performance, nations strive to make agriculture more sustainable. The UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), particularly Goals 6 and 6.4, may be attained through improving irrigation systems since it increases water usage efficiency. With the use of the IoT (Internet of Things) and sensor systems, this article intends to demonstrate how smart irrigation may help achieve the SDGs. The research focused on secondary data-gathering techniques and had a qualitative methodology. Automatic irrigation systems are crucial for water conservation, and these improvements may significantly lower water use. IoT and automation are related to agriculture and agricultural technology, which improves the effectiveness and efficiency of the whole process. Sensory systems improve agricultural understanding, lessen environmental impact, and preserve resources for farmers. Effective soil and weather monitoring goes hand in hand with effective water management through these advanced systems. A focus on enhancing sustainable operations and cutting costs has led researchers to identify irrigation systems as active contributors to the optimization of irrigation systems that may improve the utilization of current R&D. The benefits and limitations of using a sensor-based irrigation system are finally examined. Researchers and farmers will benefit from this review's improved understanding of irrigation techniques and the appropriate approaches that are adequate for carrying out irrigation-related tasks.
Smart Irrigation; Irrigation Sustainable Development Goals; IoT; Agriculture Sensors; SDG 6; Water Use Efficiency.