THE SYSTEM OF SMART ROBOTS AND THE ISSUES IT RAISES WITHIN THE SCOPE OF CRIMINAL LIABILITY
This study aims to shed light on the nature of smart robots, determine their legal nature and legal personality, explore the possibility of adapting and applying traditional criminal liability provisions to crimes that smart robots may commit, and examine the issues that the system of smart robots may raise within the scope of criminal liability. It also attempts to establish and analyse the conceptual framework of robots as one of the advanced artificial intelligence systems, highlighting the position of existing criminal legislation and its adequacy to incorporate the crimes that smart robots may commit during their direct interaction with humans. The study concluded that it is impossible to apply criminal liability provisions to crimes hypothetically committed by smart robots, whether by assigning criminal liability directly to the robots or by assigning liability to others, whether natural or legal persons, for crimes committed by the smart robots. In light of this legislative gap, the study presented a set of recommendations, most notably the necessity for the criminal legislator to intervene and establish special legal provisions related to assigning criminal liability to others for crimes committed by artificial intelligence.
Smart Robots, Artificial Intelligence, Criminal liability, Legal Personality, Self-learning, Deep Learning