CRITICAL SUCCESS FACTORS FOR ADOPTING PUPLIC PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP IN LOW-INCOME HOUSING IN EGYPT
This study aims to adopt public private partnership (PPP) in low-income housing in Egypt, one of the possible approaches to meet government targets to afford housing units for low-income groups, and decrease the government spending for housing. In 2050, the population of Egypt will be increased by more than 50 million people, increasing pressure on low-income housing sector whom suffers from shortage, and that’s generating the research problem. One of the approaches to solve this problem is a partnership between public and private entities to increase the number of housing units and meet the demand. However, this approach needs in depth study to ensure the best practice and success of PPP. But before adopting, critical success factors (CSFs) of this partnership should be studied, analyzed and enhanced. The literature review has been analyzed to extract the CSFs and common risks of PPP in housing sector. From the extracted literature, qualitative and quantitative questionnaires have been formed to rank and evaluate the existence of the CSFs within the Egyptian context. From 63 responders to the first questionnaire, CSFs have been rated and examined for existence. The top-rated CSFs within Egyptian context for successful PPP in housing were” political support and stability”, “appropriate risk allocation”,” strong private partner”. Second questionnaire have been formed to improve and enhance policies for PPP in housing as following “Dedicate a low for PPP LIH”, “government guarantee for debit paying ability”.” “Technical feasibility study to be done from both partners” Findings in this paper could guide public and private stakeholders to win-win partnerships in LIH. PPP in Egypt has fair conditions. Consequently, policies and practices of PPP need more development to ensure availability and sustainability in PPP housing projects.