FREE-FORM DESIGN VERSUS ORGANIC PRINCIPLES IN INTERIOR DESIGN
Although the principles of organic design have been addressed in many pieces of research, especially after the organic theory was adopted by the American architecture pioneer Frank Lloyd Wright (1867-1959), there are many inaccuracies, dialectics, and controversies associated with this trend that calls for deepening in the study and research of the concept of organic design, its origin and development, its principles, and types. Especially that there is a commonly mistaken definition that each free-form design is an organic design and the organic design is must be free-form. It is important to clarify the philosophy of organic spaces in their different forms, including the literal tradition of natural forms, analytical and philosophical forms, ecological and environmental versions, and so on. The study of nature's multiplicity and the organic morphology in its infinity forms and theories of growth has a deep impact on the complete understanding of organic design and the deduction of its types, principles, and its effect on the interior spaces. The way is still paved to extract more advantages of organic and to apply it in line with the diverse local natural environment in its varied atmospheres, raw materials, social and intellectual levels, especially with the amazing technological advancements and the advanced international capabilities in design and implementation. This is with the negation and exclusion of all superficial ideas that were associated with organic design in our thoughts, with the aim of reaching a future vision of interior architecture through the connection with the natural, human, and heritage roots. Therefore, we must not be fascinated by the appearance, just, or the apparent features of a thing, but rather look deeply, and understand the causes and methods of its existence, and the effects resulting from it.
Free-form; Organic design; Nature