THE ROLE OF SAFETY CULTURE AND SAFETY BEHAVIOR IN MEDIATING THE INFLUENCE OF SAFETY LEADERSHIP BEHAVIOR ON SAFETY PERFORMANCE
The general objective of the research is to develop a new model of the determinants of safety performance based on the concepts of safety management and leadership follower theory. Partially least square (PLS-SEM) is used in this study. Total sampling was used to obtain a sample size of 102 participants, which was obtained using an online questionnaire. Exogenous variables (safety leadership behavior), endogenous variables (safety performance), and certain moderating roles were used in this study. Safety leadership behavior has a significant positive effect on safety culture directly. However, the direct effect of safety leadership behavior on safety behavior and safety performance is not significant. The safety culture variable has a positive and significant effect on safety behavior in a direct relationship, but its effect on safety performance is not significant. The safety behavior variable has a positive and significant effect on safety performance. This study succeeded in revealing the existence of safety culture and safety behavior variables as mediator variables. The existence of safety leadership behavior is not able to provide a direct influence on safety behavior but requires a safety culture that plays a role as a full mediator of the influence of safety leadership behavior on safety behavior.
Safety leadership behavior, safety performance, safety culture, safety behavior, mediator