WHAT DRIVES UNIVERSITY STUDENTS’ ENTREPRENEURIAL INTENTION? EVIDENCE FROM EAST JAVA INDONESIA
Entrepreneurship plays a vital role in improving a country’s economy. However, public interest in entrepreneurship in many developing countries remains low, especially among the younger generation. The paper examines the drivers of entrepreneurial intention among college students. The primary data was collected from a survey with 273 students in Malang Regency. Using structural equation modelling, the results show that 1) entrepreneurship education has a positive and significant effect on entrepreneurial orientation and intention, 2) entrepreneurial orientation can lead to an intention in entrepreneurship, and 3) entrepreneurial orientation is an intervening variable in the effect of entrepreneurship education on entrepreneurial intention. The interaction between peer influence as a moderating variable and entrepreneurship education indicates that the former can strengthen the latter in instilling entrepreneurship intention. Finally, corporate social responsibility can amplify the influence of entrepreneurial education on intention in entrepreneurship. The research finding is applicable not only in Indonesia but also in other developing countries with low levels of entrepreneurship.
Entrepreneurship education, entrepreneurial orientation, social influence, corporate social responsibility, entrepreneurial intention