POLICY ON THE REHABILITATION AND DERADICALIZATION OF CHILDREN PERPETRATORS OF CRIMINAL ACTS OF TERRORISM
Terrorism is a special type of crime, in recent cases terrorism crimes in Indonesia often involve minors in carrying out acts of terror, such as the terrorism case in Surabaya some time ago. By involving children in a criminal act of terrorism, a special treatment is needed for children who are perpetrators of criminal acts of terrorism, because children who are perpetrators of criminal acts of terrorism cannot be sentenced to death or life imprisonment. The special handling in the 2012 SPPA Law and the 2018 Anti-Terrorism Law can be in the form of rehabilitation which is one part of diversion, and deradicalization which is a program of the BNPT. Rehabilitation and deradicalization even though they have the same goal, namely an improvement for children who are perpetrators of terrorism, the two programs have several differences where deradicalization includes programs that are more specific for handling and repairing children who are perpetrators of terrorism crimes such as guidance on national insight, guidance on religious insight, as well as several cooperation programs with various related parties to carry out this deradicalization program, while the social rehabilitation program in the 2012 SPPA Law conducted by LPKS programs is more aimed at general crimes, this is because the programs that found in social rehabilitation is more of a vocational nature and talent development for children. Meanwhile, in handling cases of criminal acts of terrorism, a special treatment is needed to eliminate radical thoughts in children who are perpetrators of terrorism.
Terrorism; Child; Rehabilitation; Deradicalization