GREEN TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT IN COCONUT SHELL COMBUSTION PROCESS TO IMPROVE FARMERS' WELFARE AND REDUCE ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION (Case Study of Indragiri Hilir Regency, Riau Province, Indonesia)
The community in Indragiri Hilir regency uses combustion to make coconut shell charcoal, which pollutes the environment around the production site and also results in low added value. Therefore, this study aimed to develop green technology for the combustion of coconut shells to improve the welfare of farmers and reduce environmental pollution. The results cover the technical aspects of the equipment used, which include a pyrolysis tube as a combustion chamber and a condensation tube for changing smoke to liquid. Based on the analysis carried out, a production capacity of 6,250 kg of coconut shell produces 2,500 l of liquid smoke, 1,875 kg charcoal, and 125 l of Tar with a BEP value of 5,353/l for coconut shell charcoal, a BCR of IDR 1.8, and a payback period of 4.03 months. Meanwhile, the environmental impact is positive because green technology can reduce air pollution caused by traditional shell combustion.
Coconut Shell, Green Technology, Technical, Financial, Environmental.