METHOD OF AGRICULTURE IN COVERY DELTA REGION
Agricultural practice is fairly uniform throughout the state and depends entirely on the timeless and seasonal distribution of rainfall and availability of irrigational sources. Where rainfall provided the water needed for cultivation, dry cultivation is restored to, while if there are irrigational facilities, wet or garden cultivation is practised. Under canal and tank irrigation as a rule wet cultivation exists but garden cultivation depends on wells. Considerable areas of the Tiracriirappalli district were under dry cultivation. Cultivation of wet lands irrigated from the Cauvery begins with the receipt of freshes in the river i.e., about the middle of June. Except in Kulithalai and Musiri taluks Kuruvai was raised and followed by samba. In the Kulithalai and Musiri taluks, another short duration paddy was cultivated from February to April. The yield from the latter was generally poor, in portions of Karur, Musiri, and Tiruchirappalli betel-vine and in Karur turmeric formed additional crop with paddy. With the receipt of the north-east monsoon the cultivation of paddy in tank-fed wet lands began about the beginning of October. Seed-ling’s were generally grown wherever there were facilities. The practice of wet cultivating crops by rotation existed and the same was carried on every year. After harvesting, these crops lands were not cultivated with the same crop immediately afterwards for one or two years.
Agriculture, cultivation, Manure, Crops, Plough, Harvesting, Paddy, Sugarcane