HAEMATOLOGICAL AND BIOCHEMICAL CHANGES BROUGHT ON BY USING VICIA PEREGRINA IN THE DIET OF COMMON CARP FISH AS A PARTIAL SUBSTITUTE FOR SOYBEAN MEAL
The study focused on investigating the potential benefits of replacing soybean meal in the diet of the common carp fish Cyprinus carpio with (Culban) Vicia peregrina L. seed meal after improved the nutritional value of culban Vicia peregrina using four different methods: soaking in water for 12 hours, cooking for 40 minutes, roasting for 15 minutes, and germination for 7 days to reduce the effects of anti-nutritional and examining the effects on several blood parameters. Fish with an average weight of 28.5 ± 1.5 g were distributed in 27 plastic aquaria and were distributed for nine treatments. Seven fish were placed in each aquarium before the experiment. Diets with replacement levels of 0 % (control), (20% and 40%) of soybean meal with Culban seed (soaked in water for 12 hours, cooked for 40 minutes; roasted for 15 minutes, and germinated for 7 days) for 8 weeks. At the conclusion of the feeding study, blood samples were taken from three fish in each tank to examine hematological and biochemical characteristics. values of white blood cells, red blood cells, and hemoglobin were high as compared to the control accompanied with significant (P≤ 0.05) declines in values of corpuscular haemoglobin concentration MCH in the treatment that contain Culban seed cooking 40 minutes in fish fed diets 40% instead of soybean meal compared to the control. Other blood parameters, including serum glucose, cholesterol, both did not show significant (P ≤ 0.05) differences between the control and experimental groups. Also, no significant changes were observed in serum (ALP) alkaline phosphatase (GOT) glutamic‐oxaloacetic transaminase and (GPT) levels glutamic‐pyruvic transaminase activities between the treatments and the control. The results of the present study demonstrated that Vicia peregrina could be used instead of soya bean meal in improving the growth and health of common carp.
Hematological characteristics, Culban . Cyprinus carpio, Biochemical parameters