IMPACT OF HULA HOOP EXERCISES AND INDIAN CLUB EXERCISES ON SELF CONFIDENCE OF COLLEGE SPORTS MEN
The aim of the investigation find the occurrence of self confidence in college sports men were required one among the students. The hula hoop exercise is designed to work the oblique and the muscles on sides of the abdominal muscles. Indian club exercises are mostly working on upper body. Self-motivation is the force that keeps pushing internal drive to produce, keep moving forward, develop and achieve. The idea behind the study was to realize the impact of hula hoop exercises and Indian club exercises on self-confidence of college sports men. Sixty inter-collegiate sports men were selected randomly as subjects from various sports team of Ayya Nadar Janaki Ammal College, Sivakasi. The age of the subjects was restricted into 18 to 20 years. The selected subjects were divided into two experimental groups and a control group. No steps were taken to equate the group in any manner. Group I underwent hula hoop exercises, Group II underwent Indian club exercises, on three days of every alternate days in a week for a training period of twelve weeks and Group III to be acted as Control group. The dependent variables chosen for this study were self-confidence. Self Confidence was measured with 56 question questionnaire of ‘Agnihotri’s Self Confidence Inventory’ developed by Dr. Rekha Agnihotri (1987). The selected subjects were tested at the time of start of training and immediately after the training periods. The data obtained from the all three groups at the time of start of training and immediately after the training periods on selected criterion variables were statistically analyzed with dependent‘t’ test and analysis of covariance (ANCOVA). At whatever time the ‘F’ ratio for adjusted test were reached to be significant, the Scheffe’s test were applied as post-hoc test to calculate the paired mean difference. In this study 0.05 level of significant were fixed. The result of the study also revealed that there was a significant improvement on self-confidence after the hula hoop exercises and Indian club exercises groups and significant difference was found between the training groups on self confidence in favour of hula hoop exercises groups.
Hula Hoop Exercises, Indian club Exercises, and Self Confidence