MEASURING RADICALISM AND TERRORISM NETWORKS IN ACEH, INDONESIA
This article aims to elaborate on the spread of radicalism and terrorism networks in the Aceh region. The development of radicalism in Aceh is more due to a former conflict area that is very vulnerable to being provoked. The presence of former combatants from the Free Aceh Movement potentially produces new cadres to expand the terrorism network. The cause of radicalism is more due to the development of jihadist recitation nodes. Besides, economic factors have contributed to accelerating the spread of radicalism. Meanwhile, the process of preventing radicalism in the Aceh region is still not running optimally because prevention efforts are only focused on communication forums and have not synergized among elements. This study uses a descriptive qualitative method with an in-depth interview. This article argues that the spread of radicalism in Aceh is due to factors in the former conflict areas and the lack of attention from local governments to take early prevention. This article also argues that cooperation from local, central, and civil society nodes is needed to work together to carry out strategies to prevent radicalism.
Aceh, radicalism, terrorism