MOTIVATION AND PARTICIPATION OF FARMERS IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF SOY PLANT-BASED EXPANSION PROGRAM (Case Study in Pakijangan Village, Wonorejo District, Pasuruan Regency)
Along with the increasing need for agricultural products in the country and the limitations of domestic production due to land transfer, the Indonesian government designed a soy plant-based expansion program. It aims to meet food needs and increase farmers' income by expanding rice fields, optimizing land through raising the land index (LI), and optimizing other agricultural land and soybean farming activities. The expansion of soybean planting area is done by utilizing abandoned land or called berah, increasing the land index, new land clearing, cooperation on agricultural land use, forest people program, plantations, transmigration land, and other land potentials. The present study used purposive sampling in Pakijangan Village, Wonorejo District, Pasuruan Regency. The result revealed that some stakeholders actively involved in the plant expansion program were SHS. Inc., Maju Bersama agricultural kiosks, NGOs, Department of Agriculture, village government, and Development Planning Agency at Sub-National Level that contributes 65% or in the high category. The highest contribution of program implementation was served by the Department of Agriculture estimated by 61.14% or in the high category, and 63.87% or in the high category in the monitoring and evaluation stage. The farmer's motivation was mainly driven by an intrinsic factor namely, the age factor reached 66.67%. Last, the motivation level at the socialization stage reached 17.55%, the implementation stage served 35.55% or in the high category, and the monitoring and evaluation stage marked up 34.45%.
Motivation, participation, farmers, development, expansion program