TEACHING SCIENTIFIC TASAWUF IN THE ISLAMIC EDUCATION SYSTEM: EXPLORING KIAI AHMAD KHOTIB’S INSIGHTS
This paper constructs the teaching of tasawuf as scientific methods in the higher education in Indonesia. The inclusion of systematic approach is based on the teaching of tasawuf by Kiai Emet Ahmad Khotib from Cirebon, West Java, Indonesia. This study implemented habitus research method and historical method that centred on library research. Habitus is the mental or cognitive structure through which people deal with the social world. A person is endowed with a set of internalised schemas through which they perceive, understand, appreciate and evaluate the social world. It is through such schemes that people produce their practices as well as perceive and evaluate them. Qualitative approach was applied as the basis of data analysis in this study. The results show that Kiai Ahmad Khatib is the successor of the Islamic boarding school al-Ishlah Bobos 1925–1990 of Cirebon. He set 15 system of tasawuf as the scientific system. Basically, the theory was addressed to declare Allah as the Goal, sincerity as the basis for charity or doing iqror deed declare Allah, the stage of Hub or love. In the promise to Allah, a learner avoids the betrayals, primarily betrayal of Allah, betrayal of the Prophet, betrayal to humans and betrayal to the motherland. The rule of tarbiyah included in the education system should include among others: plenary system (Manhaj mutakamilah), upgrade and enhancement system, one-way system, choice system, Tasykil system/form, humans have character traits that are easy to bend and easy to straighten
Tasawuf, scientific system, tarbiyah, scientific, betrayal.