ARCHITECTURAL CULTURAL LANDSCAPE IN THE BILI-BILI RESERVOIR AREA, JENEBERANG WATERSHED, GOWA REGENCY
Cultural landscapes are high-value landscapes that describe a combination of human creations through the management, land use in the natural surroundings for a long time. This study aims to explain the characteristics of the cultural landscape and determine the dominant characteristics in the Bili-bili Reservoir area of the Jeneberang Watershed based on the process and form components. The type of research used is qualitative with participant observation (PO) methods. Data collection techniques were carried out through literature study, documentation, unstructured interviews and observation. The results of the study show that the characteristics of the cultural landscape in the bili-bili reservoir area are high-value landscapes which collectively include various components. These characteristics combine not only natural and man-made elements, but also align the two intersecting entities as a unique form of the Jeneberang Watershed. The two entities are typical areas that include water and land areas as the embodiment of the concept and cosmological values of the local community's belief system, as well as the integration of social heterogeneity in the cultural landscape. The dominant characteristics based on Physical components consist of two parts in the landscape area, namely Buildings, structures and objects (body of dams) and sites (Barugayya and Bujjulu Toa). Then Land shaping processes contains one part, namely Cultural tradition (Angnganre-nganre, Songkabala and Appalili) which has dominant characteristics in the landscape. More than that, this study develops the theory of cultural landscape (Lennon, 1996), namely the addition of a regional morphological essence to the Physical Components and the typical extracts to eight sections. This research also strengthens this theory in Land shaping processes which consist of four parts along with the essence of each.
Nature, Characteristics, Land Shaping Processes, Physical Components, the Bili-bili Reservoir Area.