INFLUENCE OF SOCIO-ECONOMIC AND DEMOGRAPHIC PROFILES OF PARENTS ON ACHIEVEMENT OF LITERACY RATE: A STUDY IN VISAKHAPATNAM DISTRICT OF ANDHRA PRADESH
Children's literacy skills strongly influence their future work prospects and socioeconomic status. In this study, we assess the relationship between literacy and the socio-economic status of their parents. A social position that an adult human member of society fills is referred to as their occupation. Education and poverty are intricately related; the more education one has, the higher their chances are of increasing income for themselves and their families and escaping poverty. The paradox is that those who are poor are less likely to go to school to earn the money they need to get out of poverty. In our findings, out of 14 socio-economic variables, 11 variables such as age, education, occupation, religion, type of house, family size, own toilet, sources of drinking water, fuel for cooking, land holdings, and outstanding loans are significant at the 1 percent level, meaning that these are strongly associated with the variable child education in both study areas. The average annual household income of respondents from the Araku Valley is significantly lower than that of the residents of the Payakaraopeta mandal. The percentage of illiterates is higher in Araku Valley than in Payakaraopeta mandal. It is shocking to see that not a single child in the sample from the Araku Valley mandal went on to complete secondary school. The lack of secondary-level schools in this mandal and the fact that parents were less interested in sending their daughters away for education—which they believe to be less significant in a girl's life—were two factors that were discovered during the interviews. The Andhra Pradesh government is putting several programmes to promote children's education into place to combat all of these issues. About 96 percent of them considered the Amma Vodi scheme to be very helpful in preventing dropouts, and the amount received under this scheme was being used for the betterment of their children. 100% expressed their satisfaction with Vidyakanuka and the timely supply of all materials to children.
Socio-economic profiles of parents, literacy rate, school education, Amma Vodi, Jagan Anna Vidyakanuka.