MODERATE ISLAM: THE RESPONSE OF ISLAMIC LAW TOWARD CONTEMPORARY ISSUES IN INDONESIA
In the history of Islamic legal thought, always happens ongoing dialectical process of thesis, antithesis and synthesis by the fuqaha and Muslim scholars, so the opportunity to perform scientific works continues to be opened to those who meet the qualifications to do so. A thought is actually born from a thought process that is motivated by the socio-political setting that surrounds it. Indonesia is a plural society with diversity of religions, languages, ethnicities and cultures. This diverse population requires affirmation of the Indonesian Islamic model which reflects the diversity of society with universal messages of Islam and humanity. However, the phenomenon of some groups still sees Islam from a normative-doctrinal point of view so that it is not uncommon for excessive intellectual obstinacy. This attitude, at a certain level, has reached unwarranted truth claims. Those who are still trapped in a puddle one-sided perspective. This generally justifies his interpretation of the understanding of Islam as the most correct one while accusing other groups of practicing heresy (bidah), being heretical and infidel. Such an attitude, not only stigmatizes Islam substantially, but also rejects the ideological-historical reality that Islam is a moderate, inclusive and cosmopolitan religion that cannot be separated from historical dialectics. This article will elaborate on the typology of Islamic moderate thought by referring to the treasures of fiqh principles as a method for understanding the Islamic phenomenon that has developed in the reality of Indonesian history. These Islamic moderate values have significant meaning in responding to contemporary issues, such as the issue of Islamophobia, khilafah Islamiyah, jihad, and so on. On the other hand, moderate Islam strives to realize the universality aspect of Islamic law based on benefit, justice and civilized humanity which is the main core of Islam Rahmatan Lil 'Alamin as a worldview that can liberate Indonesia and world civilization from the tyranny of the tendency of religious exclusivism, liberalism, radicalism, and terrorism.
Moderate Islam, Islamic Law, Islamphobia, Caliphate, Radicalism, Terrorism