PHYTOCHEMICAL SCREENING, ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITY AND ALCOHOL CONTENTS OF ARDISIA ELLIPTICATHUNB BERRIES
Tropical fruits are in the emergence of innovations for livelihood and commercial development. This endeavor can be realized with Ardisia elliptica, AE. This underutilized shrub grows and bears fruits robustly with less management and costs. A crop with a high potential for value-adding can increase Filipino household income when its potential is maximized for consumption and production. This study focused on the determination of the presence of phytonutrients, antioxidant properties and alcohol contents of Ardisia elliptica, AE, berries when the extract is mixed with other tropical fruits and made into wines. Samples of AE were taken from Quirino State University- Diffun campus and subjected to laboratory analyses. The phytochemical screening of the AE crude extract AE detected the presence of anthocyanins, flavonoids, quinones and tannins. Wines made from AE extract with other tropical fruits like bignay and duhat detected three more phytochemical nutrients such as phenols, saponins, and terpenoids. Antioxidant analyses through 1, 1-Diphenyl-2-picryl hydroxyl (DPPH) quenching assay also revealed an 89.80% and 88.87% antioxidant activity for AE with duhat wine and AE with bignay wine, respectively. Since the wines hadhigher value of inhibition percent, the greater is its antioxidant activity.These results proved that AE can greatly contribute to the wellness of its consumers. The test further showed that ardisia wine with duhat had an 11.29% alcohol while ardisia with bignay wine had an 11.72 % alcohol. This means that Ardisia elliptica with duhat has a low alcohol content. Phytonutrients in fruits provide desirable health benefits that can have breakthroughs in nutraceuticals and pharmaceuticals. These results showed the enormous capability and characteristics of Ardisia elliptica berries as a potentially rich cheap source of raw material for further exploration and development of alternatives to commercially available fruit products and as a basis for the enhancement and conservation of its biodiversity.
Antioxidant, Ardisia Elliptica, Phytochemical, Bignay and Duhat