ACTION PLAN BASED SHIP APPROACH AS ERGONOMIC INTERVENTION TO IMPROVE THE HEALTH AND SAFETY OF LOGISTICS DRIVERS
The companies implementing good Occupational Safety and Health (OSH) are often able to develop effective, comfortable, safe, healthy, and efficient working conditions (ENASE), to increase productivity. In an industrial company, the logistics drivers is an inseparable part of the production process, specifically in product distribution to consumers. The various mental and physical activities carried out by these drivers commonly indicate a fairly heavy workload. Irrespective of this context, excessive workload, inadequate rest time, and sleep disturbances still affect health and work productivity, leading to chronic fatigue accumulation. In the long term, this situation subsequently influences occupational health, work quality, and performance negatively, reduces alertness and focus, as well as increases decision-making errors and workplace accident potential. Based on these descriptions, the performance of ergonomic interventions is necessary, for applying fatigue management through a systemic, holistic, interdisciplinary, and participatory approach (SHIP approach). In this process, the first step often emphasizes the development of an action plan. Therefore, this study aims to develop an action plan through the SHIP approach, using the focus group discussion (FGD) method. This FGD was conducted in a workshop, with participants consisting of logistics drivers, company management representatives, and several related cross-disciplinary expertise. This various expertise included (1) Ergonomics and Work Physiology, (2) Transportation Safety, (3) Fatigue Management, (4) Public Health Science, (5) Nutrition Science, (6) Industrial Engineering, (7) Electrical Engineering, and (8) Informatics Engineering. The results obtained emphasized an action plan as a proposed improvement for priority urgent problems, including (1) Drinking warm honey water before and after work, (2) Providing facilities such as backrests, neck pads, seat cushions, and folding ladders, (3) Regulation of active rest time for 30 mins, (4) Providing a warning signal (alarm) when drowsiness is detected, (5) Developing SOP for loading and unloading activities, and (6) Providing route scheduling. These six action plans will be used as ergonomic interventions in research on the implementation of Fatigue Management based on Total Ergonomic Approach to improve the health and safety of logistics drivers.
Action Plan, FGD, SHIP Approach, Ergonomics Intervention