WATER SYSTEM OF THE KINGDOM OF GALUH (1371 – 1475 AD)
This study aims to reveal the function of the moat in Galuh Pakwan City as the center of the Galuh Kingdom, to what extent the moat is related to the interpretation of the Kawali Inscription I which is suspected not only as a purely defensive function. In this study, historical method is used in order to produce a comprehensive study. In addition, the theory of urban planning and hydrology is also used. The lack of sources regarding the ditch in Galuh Pakwan City, it is hoped that in-depth interviews with informants can become material for historical analysis. Based on the facts on the ground, it is suspected that the existence of a ditch in Galuh Pakwan City can still be seen in several places in the Kawali District area. The moat was built on the orders of King Niskalawastu Kancana (1371 - 1475) after he was crowned ruler of the Galuh Kingdom. The most actual study regarding the ditch in Galuh Pakwan City shows another function outside of the city's defense function, namely as agricultural irrigation. This strong suspicion regarding the function of irrigation is in line with the contents of the fragment from the Sanghyang Siksa Kanda ng Karesian manuscript about the existence of early rice fields in Tatar Sunda.
Galuh Pakwan, Trenches, Paddy Fields, Irrigation, Hydrology