THE TRIGGER FOR EXCESSIVE CO2 EMISSION AND ENERGY EFFICIENCY IN CEMENT INDUSTRY: A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW
The systematic review of articles highlights strategies for restoring energy use and CO2 emissions to obtain environmentally friendly cement building materials. The research was conducted by reviewing several published articles from various journals by downloading the database in stages, journal articles written not in English were ignored to ensure the quality of the study. The initial stage found 1500 articles after careful screening found 87 articles that were suitable for review. The systematic review followed the PRISMA protocol. By conducting studies on several of the articles, information was obtained about energy efficiency and CO2 emissions to explore the development of science on this matter to get an overview of the impacts. The research was conducted using qualitative analysis methods from various leading relevant articles collected as case studies. The results analysis of energy efficiency and CO2 emissions found that technological aspects are still the basis for strategies to increase energy efficiency and minimize CO2 emissions, in addition to aspects of human deportment patterns in saving energy. The conclusion obtained is that energy efficiency can be increased and CO2 emissions can be reduced. The next study is expected to be developed in a more comprehensive scope through other methodologies so that it can be a way out to obtain more valid and complete results.
CO2 Emissions, Energy Efficiency, Cement Industry, Energy Consumption, Life Cycle Assessment, VOSviewer