POLICY IMPLEMENTATION OF POVERTY REDUCTION EMPLOYING THE COLLABORATIVE GOVERNANCE APPROACH IN MATARAM CITY, WEST NUSA TENGGARA, INDONESIA
The government of Indonesia has issued various regulations related to poverty to accelerate the achievement of poverty alleviation targets. The Indonesian government has implemented various programs to reduce poverty, including Mataram City, West Nusa Tenggara, and Indonesia. Yet, the policy does not seem to run optimally. The failure or success of the collaborative governance approach in public policy implementation, according to Edward III, is influenced by four variables, namely communication, resources, disposition/attitude, and bureaucratic structure. This study aimed to describe and analyze the policy implementation of poverty reduction with a collaborative governance approach model in Mataram City, West Nusa Tenggara. This study was qualitative with a descriptive approach. Findings indicated that the implementation of poverty reduction did not follow the collaborative governance approach with the Edward III Model. The implementers did not build good communication with the targets of the policy or the beneficiaries. The beneficiaries found it hard to understand the purpose of the policy. The human resources had limited capability. The policy implementers did not show high motivation due to the lack of support for facilities and infrastructure. The bureaucratic structure did not truly support community empowerment leading to building independent urban poor.
Poverty Alleviation, Collaborative Governance, Mataram City, Edward III Model