THE LINGUISTIC FEATURES OF HATE SPEECH AND SOCIAL CRITIC ON SOCIAL MEDIA: AN ANALYSIS OF FORENSIC LINGUISTIC
This study aimed to identify the linguistics features of hate speech and social critics on social media obtained by the Sinjai government, and the implication of law consequences of hate speech and social critic’s features. To carry out this analysis, the study employed a descriptive qualitative methodology in interpreting the data. The data were obtained from social media platform especially from Facebook group of Sinjai society, Sinjai District Police, State Prosecutor’s Office of Sinjai, and the Sinjai District Court. The data were analyzed using a forensic linguistics approach relying on pragmatics theories. The result showed that the features of hate speech centralized on persuasive sentence feature such as “I swear in the name of Allah”, then the features of social critics focus on criticizing such as “misguided,” and “Clever”. Meanwhile, the data on the implication of law consequences revealed that the hate speech cases are complaint offenses, and there are no law consequences of social critics’ cases, it includes as freedom of speech. The study concluded that all features that are obtained by the Sinjai government that are oriented toward annoyance, dislike, and displeasure are included as hate speech, while the features oriented toward criticizing include social criticism. This study contributed to the forensic linguistics field, especially the difference between hate speech and social critics’ features.
Forensic Linguistics, Hate Speech, Linguistics Features, Social Critics, Implication of Law Consequences.