UTILIZATION OF UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLE (UAV) TECHNOLOGY AS SURVEILLANCE IN SUPPORTING SMART DEFENSE IN THE NEW CAPITAL CITY
To protect the Nusantara Capital City as the center of gravity for Indonesia, it is necessary to adjust the national defense strategy as a whole. The relocation of the new State Capital is expected to create new centers of economic growth, maximize the potential of regional resources, reduce the population density directly related to traffic jams in Jakarta, and reduce inequality between regions. In its implementation, it requires an implementation of a smart defense built by synergizing between hard defense (military defense) and soft defense (non-military defense). The research objective is to analyze UAV technology's selection and strategic determination as surveillance in supporting smart defense in the Nusantara Capital City. This study used mixed method with interviews and questionnaires from experts selected according to the needs of the research object. The processing uses a combination of the Analytic Network Process (ANP) method with Super Decisions tool in choosing a comparison of criteria, sub-criteria, and alternative uses of UAV, which uses 4 criteria, 13 sub-criteria, and 3 alternative UAV models. It is strengthened by PESTEL (Political, Economic, Social, Technology, Environment, and Legal), SWOT (Strength, Weakness, Opportunity, and Threat) and the analysis method for determining strategies for making UAV selection decisions. The result of the ANP analysis using the super decision tool shows that the UAV CH-4 Rainbow selected as the surveillance tool in supporting smart defense in the Nusantara Capital City. The Normalized Geometric Mean value for the Capability criteria is 0.56501, and Cost is 0.26220, Dimension is 0.11750, Maintenance is 0.05528. Based on SWOT-PESTEL analysis, the results were obtained in Quadrant I, "Supporting Aggressive Strategy" with an Internal Factor Analysis Summary (IFAS) value of 0.089587 and an External Factor Analysis Summary (EFAS) value of 0.074759.
UAV, Smart Defense, ANP Super Decisions, and PESTEL-SWOT