THE EFFECT OF PATRIARCHAL SYSTEM ON WOMAN: A SOCIOLOGY OF LITERATURE APPROACH IN ALICE WALKER’S THE COLOR PURPLE
Patriarchy is a social system that puts men in charge. Patriarchy also occurs in novels. One novel that features patriarchy is Alice Walker's The Color Purple. Alice Walker is an American novelist who often defends women's rights in her works. This study focuses on the effects of patriarchy on female characters in the novel the color purple. In this research, the writer uses theory of Welleck and Warren who state that there are three kinds of the sociology of literature. It consists of the sociology of the writer, the sociology of the literary work, and the sociology of the reader or audience Researcher found three effects of patriarchy, namely marginalization, gender discrimination, and oppression.
Effect, Patriarchy, Sociology of Literature.